I. Crimes connected to the Euromaidan
- Sending titushki to the Euromaidan in order to support the criminal regime of former President Yanukovych, to intimidate and to beat up protesters
- Involvement in the abduction, torture and killing of protesters; in the burning down of the Trade Union’s Building in the center of Kyiv (the headquarters of the Euromaidan) on 18 February 2015. The number of dead the fire of the building caused has never been publicly discussed – including how many of the still missing protesters were in the building
- Instructing and controlling special-forces (the Alpha unit) with the participation of Kremlin-aide Surkov in order to shoot protesters at Institutska Street and surroundings in February 2014, killing at least 50 people with grenades and sniper rifles
- Spreading false information/lying on the background of the protests and supporting the criminal regime of former Ukrainian President Yanukvoych
II. Crimes in context with the occupation of Crimea
- Incorporating the peninsula into Russia, imposing Russian citizenship, laws and regulations, Russian currency, Russian (anti-Ukrainian) school curricula, the Russian language, Russian military service etc.
- Among this falls: Forcing Russian citizenship on orphans and forcing them into the less developed Russia adoption system
- Banning Ukrainian from primary schools arguing with a lack of pupils or no interest, and getting rid of Ukrainian books, also through burning. Moreover, Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar books, many of them have to do with Islam have been put on a “black-list”
- denying Ukrainian citizens in Crimean prisons medical services, because of the lack of Russian insurance
- Intimidating, abducting and imprisoning Crimean Tatars, Ukrainians, other ethnic minorities, and members of religious congregations not being part of the Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate, restricting their freedom of speech and expression:
- Several Kyiv Patriarchate Orthodox priests were forced to leave Crimea and the majority have been summoned to the FSB for questioning, plus churches were shut down; the head of a Roman Catholic parish in Simferopol – a Polish national – was forced to leave the peninsula; additionally a number of Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church members were forced to leave; the new authorities are searching mosques, religious schools and private homes, and try to undermine the Spiritual Directorate of Muslims
- Arresting/imprisoning for displaying Ukrainian national symbols and interrogating Ukrainians on the grounds of their nationality
- The same goes for Crimean Tatars. Additionally, meetings to commemorate the 70th anniversary of their deportation from Crimea were banned; a woman later had to appear in front of a court for the organization of such a meeting.
- Targeting the families of national minorities in order to silence/hurt family members. For example the son of exiled Crimean Tatar leader Mustafa Dzemilev was sentenced to five years in prison in Russia – his father is not allowed to enter his homeland Crimea
- Destroying economic structures in Crimea
- Provoking the collapse of capital and direct investments
- Destroying the agricultural sector: rice and partly wheat farming
- Eradication of non Russian-tourism which means a de facto collapse of the tourism sector
- Confiscating/”nationalizating” assets
- Ethnic engineering and ethnic cleansing of Crimea: Abducting and murdering selected representatives of ethnic minorities or imprisoning them in order to provoke Crimean Tatars and Ukrainians to leave the peninsula.
(For more details on human rights abuses see one of the rare international reports)
III. Crimes committed in Russia against Ukrainians
1. Ensuring the political and psychological environment for war against Ukraine (watch Russian TV’s news shows for one hour and you will know enough)
2. Delegating the rule in occupied territories to sadists, psychologically ill persons, gangsters and organized crime
3. Fueling inter-ethnic hate against Ukrainians in Russian and international media in underlining the inability of Ukrainians to rule a state and in stressing their subhuman nature (i.e. not an own people, never had an own state
4. Blaming Ukrainians for Russian crimes:
- intending to shoot-down a Russian Aeroflot passenger plane in order to start war against Ukraine in July 2014 (accidentally hitting MH-17, murdering 298 persons)
- shelling and murdering civilians on territories in control of Russia, blaming Ukraine (hotspots being Horlivka (June) and Donetsk (examples for May and June)
- attacking Ukrainian consulates in Russia (Rostov)
- Abducting Ukrainian citizens and soldiers from Ukraine to Russia:
- Abducting and selling captured Ukrainian soldiers (battle of Ilovaysk) as slaves to the North Caucasus (also in order to support the fake story of “1000 Ukrainian dead soldiers” and total defeat at Ilovyask in summer 2014).
- Putting Ukrainians in front of Russian courts on the grounds of fake crimes: Ukrainian pilot Nadja Savchenko as scape-goat for two killed Russian journalists in the Donbas.
- Fake Ukrainian Crimea terrorism (criminal article “creating a terrorist group”): Ukrainian filmmaker Oleh Sentsov, Oleksandr Kolchenko and the civil society activists Henadiy Afanasyiev and Oleksiy Chirniy. The two latter have been sentenced to seven years in Russian prisons
- Torturing the Ukrainian student Yuriy Yatsenko in Russian prisons in order to get confessions against Ukraine, and sentencing him for the (faked) possession of explosives.
- Three Ukrainians have been accused of being spies: Yuriy Soloshenko, Sergej Skirta, Valentine Vyhovskyi
- Mykola Karpyuk, one of the leaders of the “Right Sector” for the “creation of an armed group” (He disappeared while intending to enter Russia in March 2014, and is probably dead), also Stanislav Klih, accused of being a member of the group; Serhiy Litvinov, a reported fighter of “Dnipr” faces life imprisonment
- Russia has been impeding Ukrainian representatives of visiting the prisoners
IV. Crimes connected to the occupation of Ukrainian territory in the Donbas
- Crimes against oppositional politicians, activists, journalists etc.
- Murdering the member of Horlivka’s City Council Vladimir Rybak in mid-April 2014. Found with him were Yuriy Propavko, a 19-year-old student, active in the Maidan protest movement, and another unknown person. The Ukrainian SBU suspected the Russian military intelligence officers Igor Bezler and Igor Strelkov who were about to establish a terrorist base in the city.
- Abducting (the Ukrainian interior ministry had figures up to 500 between April and June 2014), detaining and torturing civilians, and using them for forced labor (cases of Dmytro Kluger, Viktor Levchuk, Olha Klimenko, also Anna Guz and Fedir Menshakov).
- Intimidating journalists through arrests and beatings. The most prominent cases have been Novaya Gazeta’s Pavel Kanyign (twice) and Simon Ostrovsky (Vice) (who recently was banned from entering Russia). Serhiy Lefter testified in May 2014, interrogators wanted to hear detained were from the “Right Sector” – those who admitted under torture were “punished”
- Harassing priests and members of non-Russian Orthodox Churches, for example, the evangelical pastor Serhiy Kosyak from Donetsk and fellow members of his church Yevheniy Frantsuk, Alexander Khomchenko
- Capturing and threatening parents of pro-Ukrainian activists or journalists who fled the region for in order to force their children to return and give themselves up (abduction and imprisonment of Iryna and Valeriy Ishenko for their daughter Viktoria’s work in Donetsk)
- Torturing civilians and publicly exposing them (case of Iryna Dovhan / Donetsk accusing her of “spying”)
- Threatening civilians in order to force them to leave the territory (Case of the leader of the music group „Fata morgana“, Igor Roman / Horlivka)
- Forcing civilians to fight for the Russian army (decree to the miners in the ‘DNR’, March 2015 / eyewitness at Horlivka: either you fight, or you get shot)
- Firing at civilian workers repairing destroyed infrastructure, most recently a water system repair company employee in Popasna
- Firing at BBC journalists at the Donetsk airport
- Crimes against soldiers and military staff
- Shooting down of Ukrainian helicopters and military airplanes between May and July 2014, for example an Il-76 on 14 June 2014, which caused 49 dead (Altogether Ukraine lost nearly a dozen of helicopters and airplanes).
- Policy of murdering captured machine gunners and snipers, and members of certain (former) volunteer battalions, such as the “Right Sector”, and of not exchanging members of certain (former) volunteer battalions against Russian prisoners
- Training Russian military on “live targets” (Luhansk and Donetsk locals reported Russian artillerists passing their exams live on civilans and the Ukrainian army)
- Testing of new weapons and ammunition on Ukrainians and in Ukraine (see the most recent case of probable “rehearsing of such weapons” at the Donetsk chemical factory)
- Executing Ukrainian soldiers: See the case of Ukrainian army volunteer Alexei Kudriavtsev who was tortured to death by the Russian military intelligence officer Igor Besler in mid-July 2014.
- Another case of executing POWs is the case of Krasnyi Partizan: Ukrainians lost a check-point at Krasnyi Partizan (near Horlivka / Donetsk Oblast) on 23 January 2015. Videos appeared later that showed 12 captured Ukrainian soldiers, five of them shot, with three of them getting killed on the spot. Ihor Branovytsky was captured together with other ‘cyborgs’ at the Donetsk airport. In an interrogation later he admitted of being a machine-gunner, was beaten and had his bones broken and was subsequently executed on 21 January 2015. A witness reported that terrorist “Motorola” had shot him
- Spreading videos (also with the help of “professionals”, i.e. Graham Philips). Videos most often either show how “Ukrainian” shell civilians / residential quarters or how prisoners are humiliated and tortured. Some examples are a video on YouTube (24 January 2015) that showed 12 captured Ukrainian soldiers sitting outside a building with their hands tied; at least two of them were severely wounded and had been tortured, and four other killed; in that video terrorist “Givi” hit the head of a captured Ukrainian soldier with a gun. A video and photographic material shows three Ukrainian POW paratroopers in Shakhtarsk tortured and probably later executed (31 July 2014). In another prominent video, one commander of the Donetsk airport ‘cyborgs’ Oleh Kuzminykh and his colleagues were taken to a bus stop in Donetsk that had been recently shelled – in order to be beaten up by outraged persons. In another clip, tied-up, kneeling Ukrainian soldiers had to eat up their insignia. See also videos of the Russian Sergei Zhuk torturing and humiliating Ukrainian POWs.
- Torturing members of Ukrainian volunteer battalions and Ukrainian soldiers (cases of Dmytro Kulish or Oleh Kuzminykh)
- Torturing Ukrainian soldiers in order to produce fake confessions, most recently the captured Ukrainian soldier, Roma Mashchenko, who was presented in a Russian media conference on 5 June 2015 to prove that Ukrainians started the offensive on Maryinka
- Parading captured Ukrainians through Donetsk on Ukraine’s Independence Day on 24 August 2014, among them a prominent pro-Ukraine activist, Dmytro Potekhin; and again after the fall of Donetsk airport on 22 January 2015.
- Using prisoners of war for forced labor, for example the “clean-up” of the collapsed Donetsk airport terminal.
- Crimes connected to the organization of terrorist groups and their activities
- Financing and staffing terrorist groups in the occupied territories (some of the more prominent have been Givi’s “Somali”, “Motorola’s “Sparta” etc.) in order to spread terror and chaos
- Financing and staffing terrorist groups beyond the occupied territories in Ukraine; with focus on Odesa, Kyiv and Kharkiv in order to provoke the collapse of the Ukrainian state
- Provoking public unrest / massacre (the most prominent example being the Odesa Trade Union Building, 2 May 2014, an incident connected to many Russian lies and exploited by Russian propaganda)
- Attacking / bombing volunteer offices (at least a dozen all over Ukraine in the last months)
- Liquidating terrorists after they have fulfilled their purpose (Alexander Bednov / Batman in January 2015 and probably also Aleksej Mozgovoj in May 2015)
- Using suicide bombers (last at Maryinka)
- Indoctrinating the youth, recruiting child soldiers (summer 2014) (autumn 2014, and showing them as heroes on Russian TV); sending them to check-points, front-lines
- Killing “own people” or civilians in diversionist actions, in order to discredit Ukraine (for example persons tied to the Yanukovych regime in spring 2015)
4. The (purposeful) murdering of civilians in the occupied territories includes:
- Firing at a funeral procession in Sartana (near Mariupol), 7 killed, 17 injured (14 October 2014).
- Firing at school No. 63 in Donetsk, two killed, three injured (5 November 2014).
- Shelling a passenger bus near Volnovakha with 12 killed (13 January 2015)
- Shelling in Donetsk and firing at civilians (21/22 January 2015: over a 24-hour period: 20 civilians injured and 15 people killed).
- Shelling Mariupol, 30 killed, 75 injured with hospital treatment (24 January 2015).
- Shelling of Kramatorsk with Smerch multiple rocket launchers, 15 dead, 63 wounded (10 February 2015).
- Shelling Artemivsk (cluster munition), two dead, four injured (13 February 2015).
- Bombing a rally in commemoration of the Maidan anniversary in Kharkiv, four killed, nine injured (22 February 2015).
5. Destruction of Ukrainian nature, villages, cities and infrastructure (bombing bridges, railroads, gas pipelines, electricity etc.) in the Donbas and other places in Ukraine:
- Shelling of Ukraine in summer 2014, among others with “Smerch” rockets
- Artemivsk (13 February shelling)
- Avdiivkia (coke plant and June 2015)
- Debaltseve (500 civilians killed; the city de facto levelled)
- Donetsk (see a small Google-hit, beware of propagandist hits)
- Horlivka (mid-June 2015 shelling; for evidence on constant shelling since several months consult Google, beware, as in Russian – most are Russian propagandist articles)
- Luhansk (mostly in early summer 2014, including the destruction of Luhansk airport)
- Novoazovsk (summer 2014)
- Donetsk airport and locations near the airport; Opytne (destroyed ambulatorium), Pisky (in May, there were practically no residents left, village already destroyed in December) etc.
- Maryinka (also hospital destroyed in June 2015; see also the destruction of the village)
- Shyrokyne (already in March up to 60% of the buildings were destroyed, completely ruined in June 2015)
- Stanitsya Luhansk, Popasna and other locations in the Luhansk Oblast (e.g. February 2015, June 2015)
- Ecological incidents: Forest fires at Chernobyl in April 2015 (see their use for Russian propaganda); fire in oil deposit near Kyiv in June 2015
- Flooding mines next to mines in which nuclear devices were detonated provoking the future radiation of the environment
V. Provoking a huge refugee wave from Crimea and the occupied territories in the Donbas causing the biggest humanitarian disaster since the Second World War in Europe
- Some 1.3 million internally displaced, around 600.000 of whom went abroad, mainly to Crimea, Belarus, Russia etc. (only 000 of them officially applied for asylum in the EU).
- Caritas Ukraine estimates that switching the front-line by some 15km west would cause an additional one million of Ukrainians to move west, probably beyond Ukraine.
VI. Crimes against humanity: Ethnic cleansing of Crimea and the occupied parts of the Donbas
- Deliberately killing thousands who do not want to succumb to Russian expansionism and fight for their freedom
- Stripping those who identify with the Ukrainian/Crimean Tatar nation or the Ukrainian state of their homeland, friends/family and assets